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Ketvirtoji pamoka

LESSON 4

GRAMMAR

The Third Declension of the Nouns. .

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  • akis 'eye', dantis 'tooth'

         Singular

         
    ____ _Feminine_ ------------------ Masculine _ __________
    N. akis -is dantis -is
    G.akies -ies danties -ies
    D. akiai -iai dainčiui -iui
    A. akį dantį
    I. akimi -imi dantimi-imi
    L. akyje -yje dantyje -yje
    V. akie! -ie dantie! -ie

  • Most nouns of the third declension are of the feminine gender,
    but a few such as dantis 'tooth', vagis 'thief' are masculine.
  • In order to distinguish third declension nouns (all of which have
    the ending -is in the nominative singular) from those first declension
    nouns with the nominative singular ending -is, the genitive singular will
    be given also. For example:

  • peilis, -io - knife (first declension, masc.) but
  • nosis, -ies - nose (fern.)
  • dantis, -ies - tooth (masc.)

    Cardinal numerals 1 - 10

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    __________ __________
    vienas, viena one (masc., fern.)
    du, dvi two (masc., fern.)
    trys three (same for both genders)
    keturi, keturios four (masc., fern.)
    penki, penkios five (masc., fern.)
    šeši, šešios six (masc., fern.)
    septyni, septynios seven (masc., fern.)
    aštuoni, aštuonios eight (masc., fern.)
    devyni, devynios nine (masc., fern.)
    dešimt ten (same for both genders)

    N B. All these numerals, with the exception of dešimt , are inflected,
    i.e. they are declined. Vienas, viena are used with the nominative singular of nouns
    which they precede, 2 - 9 are used with the nominative plural. 10 is used with the
    genitive plural.For details, see Lesson 24.

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