More About Declension.
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A few second declension nouns such as dede 'uncle',
tete 'father' (a term of endearment), vaidila 'priest' (in pagan mythology)
and some surnames are of the masculine gender. They are modified
by masculine adjectives (cf. Lesson 11) and have masculine pronominal reference.
Some second declension nouns are of common gender,
i.e. they can be either masculine or feminine depending upon the individual
nenuorama 'mischief-maker', 'unruly child',
naktibalda 'one who roves about at night',
vepla 'gaping fool, gaper'.
The preposition i 'in, into, to' indicates destination, also direction, never location.
It always governs the accusative,.
i miesta, — into the city, to the city
i universiteta, — to the university
Vaiuoti plus instrumental: 'to drive along'.....
vaiuoti gatve — to drive along the street.
To express I like, Lithuanian uses the 3rd person of the verb :
patikti 'to please' plus dative:
man patinka* (lit. it pleases to me) 'I like'.
| I|| a
|| man patinka|| I like
| thou, you || tu
|| tau patinka|| you like
| he|| jis
|| jam patinka || he likes
| she|| ji
|| jai patinka|| she likes
| we|| mes
|| mums patinka|| we like
| you|| jus
|| jums patinka|| you like
| they||jie (masc.)
|| jiems patinka || they like
| they||jos (fem.)
|| joms patinka||they like
Since patinka is the third person for both singular and plural,
it is used with singular, plural and infinitive subjects:
man patinka tas namas — I like that house
man patinka tie namai — I like those houses
man patinka skaityti bibliotekoje** — I like to read in the library
NB. In replacing the nouns with personal pronouns, one has to keep in mind
that Lithuanian, just like many other European languages strictly adheres to
the city — it ........ .....miestas — jis (masc.)
the street — it ...........gatve — ji (fern.)
There is really no it as a personal pronoun.
Tai is used for such cases of general reference as:
Tai labai grau. — That [it] is very beautiful.
* Irregular present tense: patinku, patinki, patinka, patinkame, patinkate, patinka
** More about 'I like', etc., see Lesson 6
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