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LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE SCHOOL
Šeštadieninė Mokykla -Saturday School

Pirmoji pamoka

Lesson 1

GRAMMAR


There are no articles in Lithuanian. Thus, studentas can mean: student, the student, a student.
There are only two genders in Lithuanian nouns: masculine and feminine. All nouns ending in -as are masculine.
The Present Tense of buti 'to be'
English Lietuviškai
I am aš esu
you are tu esi
he, she is jis, ji yra
we are mes esame
you are jus esate
they are jie, jos yra
The Present Tense of eiti 'to go'.
I go aš einiu
You go tu eini
He , She goes - jis, ji eina
we go mes einame
you go jus einate
they go jie, jos eina
The second person singular tu which corresponds to English thou is used to address children, real friends, members of the immediate family and God. It would correspond in use to German du or French tu. The second person plural is used for polite address:
Petrai, kur tu eini? Peter, where are you going?
Pone Petraiti, kur jus einate? Mr. Petraitis, where are you going?
There is no progressive form in Lithuanian. Thus aš einu can mean: I go, I am going, I do go.
There is no auxiliary "to do" to help to form questions: you have to indicate the question by the tone of your voice, or by putting the little word "ar "in front of a question which has no other interrogative word in it. Thus:
Čia [.yra]* mano namas. Here is my house.
Čia mano namas? Is my house here?
Ar čia mano namas? Is my house here?
Kur mano namas? Where is my house?
Note
* About leaving out yra, etc., see Lesson 6.



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